Monday, Oct. 28th, 2019

FWP investigating human-caused grizzly bear mortalities; bears still active during hunting season

Bozeman, MT — Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks is investigating a grizzly bear mortality after a hunter reportedly shot the bear in self-defense. The incident happened Saturday afternoon in Eureka Basin in the south Gravelly Mountains. The hunter, who was uninjured, reported the incident to FWP that day. Further details are unavailable as the investigation is ongoing. FWP and the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service are also investigating two other human-caused grizzly bear mortalities that happened last week in the West Yellowstone area. The interagency investigation is still ongoing, and details of those incidents will be released as they become available. 

Bear activity during fall hunting season 
FWP reminds all recreationists that bears are still active, and precautions should still be taken when hunting and recreating in bear country. Many black and grizzly bears will remain active during Montana’s general deer and elk hunting season, which began Oct. 26 and lasts through Dec. 1. Hunters and other recreationists should continue practicing situational awareness and be prepared for a bear encounter. 

Grizzly bear distributions have expanded to and become denser in areas in western and central Montana where they haven’t been in recent decades. Bears can remain active—even at low elevations—through December, and some grizzlies will even roam around for brief periods anytime during the winter. 

The fall hunting season also coincides with when bears are actively seeking protein- and calorie-rich foods in final preparation for hibernation. Certain hunter behaviors can increase the likelihood of encountering bears, such as elk bugling, wearing cover scents, processing animal carcasses and moving quietly in the field. 

Most bear attacks on humans happen in surprise close encounters and usually in timber or brush. As bears get closer to denning, they become lethargic and sleep more each day before they finally go to their dens. Sleeping bears can easily be approached at potentially dangerous distances. So be alert to your surroundings. 

Hunting safely in bear country 
In addition, black bear hunters need to be sure of the species they are hunting. Black bear hunters in Montana are required to pass a bear identification test, which is intended to prevent grizzly bear mortality as a result of mistaken identity. 

Proactive preparation can help hunters avoid negative encounters with grizzly and black bears. Avoid hunting alone whenever possible. Hunting with a partner has helped in both ending bear attacks and getting medical attention. If you must hunt by yourself, give someone details of your hunt plan and check in periodically with them. 

Carry bear spray and be prepared to use it at a moment’s notice. Bear spray has proven to be a valuable deterrent tool in surprise close encounters.  

Pay attention to fresh bear sign. Look for bear tracks, scat and concentrations of natural foods. Use caution when hunting in areas that have evidence of bear activity or areas with scavenging birds. Animal carcasses can attract bears, so avoid them. Follow U.S. Forest Service food storage regulations. 

If you harvest an animal during your hunt, get it home as quickly as possible. Some grizzly bears may move in the direction of gunshots because they have learned to associate hunting activities with a gut pile or animal carcass.  

If you need to make multiple trips to pack out your animal, leave the carcass in a place away from the gut pile where you can observe it from a distance of at least 200 yards, if possible, and cover it with a tarp. As you return, look for bear activity at the site. Then make noise while slowly approaching the carcass. If a bear is at the site, do not attempt to scare it away if it doesn’t leave when it becomes aware of you. Leave the area and contact FWP.  

If you are attacked by a bear, use your bear spray. Don’t run. Lie face-down, covering your neck and head with your hands and arms until the bear is gone. You shouldn’t play dead if you encounter an intent, calm or curious bear.  

For more information on avoiding negative encounters with bears, visit or

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Thursday, Oct. 24th, 2019

The Bozeman Municipal Band and Hayden Woods Present a Community Endeavor: 100 YEARS OF BOZEMAN MUNICIPAL BAND

The Bozeman Municipal Band in collaboration with local trombonist Hayden Woods, are seeking a commission piece that is backed by YOU, THE COMMUNITY with backer benefits and the opportunity to be featured as a major contributor! Perks include copies of the finished music score, collective pin(s), posters & more.

Donations may be made through the GoFundMe campaign, submitted to a dedicated account set up with Stockman Bank throughout Montana, or by mail to:

Bozeman Municipal Band
PO Box 674
Bozeman, MT 59771

Be sure checks are made out to and Stockman deposits are going to "Bozeman Municipal Band Commission Fund" and save your transaction for verification (email for verification) so that we can give the credit where it is due!

Local businesses focused on the communities of Bozeman and throughout the Gallatin Valley may be able to advertise on all correspondence leading up to the new season and at ALL performance events. Email to coordinate specific advertising specifications.

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Tuesday, Oct. 22nd, 2019

HRDC’s Blueprint Program to Celebrate Five Years as Sunrise Rotary Matches Gifts up to $25,000

This November, HRDC’s Blueprint will celebrate five years. Blueprint’s transition home opened in November 2015 to offer a safe and inclusive space for youth ages 16- 20 experiencing temporary homelessness.

Blueprint is a strengths-based program designed to provide a short-term solution for youth experiencing moments of homelessness in the Gallatin Valley. The program is designed to build on strengths, as it supports youth in educational attainment, housing stability, and sustainable employment. Often times, family challenges, economic instability, and residential instability are the causes of youth homelessness. In its five years, 82% of youth have transitioned out of Blueprint and in to stable housing.

On November 7, HRDC will host an event to celebrate the community’s support over the last five years. Blueprint is 100% community funded, and could not support youth experiencing temporary homelessness without the generosity of many donors and organizations in the Gallatin Valley. The event will occur at HRDC's Main Office on 32 S. Tracy Avenue in Bozeman.

As a generous support of HRDC’s youth programs, Bozeman’s Sunrise Rotary is contributing a $25,000 matching gift. Sunrise Rotary partnered with Blueprint early, committing over $35,000 to the program. Last fall, Rotary and Rotaract members constructed two new decks and installed a new dishwasher and microwave. This summer, Rotary supported efforts to create a new bathroom for Blueprint tenants.

“Bozeman Sunrise Rotary Club is a group of leaders, innovators, and driven advocates for our community. Their financial support has been crucial to keeping youth housed. Most notable, however, is their advocacy for youth experiencing homelessness in our community,” says Jeremy Alcoke, HRDC’s Youth Development.

For more information about HRDC’s Blueprint or any other HRDC program or service visit

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Thursday, Oct. 17th, 2019

New survey suggests improvements in Montanans’ understanding of noxious weeds

Farmers and ranchers in Montana are often intimately aware of the dangers posed by noxious weeds, but the general public’s knowledge of invasive species has also increased due to education and outreach efforts over the past 25 years, according to a recent survey.

The survey follows up an initial survey done in 1994, which determined the level of public knowledge at the time in order to gauge education needs. The 2019 survey was administered by Eric Raile of the Montana State University Human Ecology Learning and Problem Solving Lab; Jane Mangold of MSU Extension and the Department of Land Resources and Environmental Science in the College of Agriculture; and Shantell Frame-Martin of the Montana Noxious Weed Education Campaign, or MNWEC. Both surveys were funded by the Montana Noxious Weed Trust Fund, which is overseen by the Montana Department of Agriculture.

“The goal of that first survey was to gain insight into the level of knowledge that Montanans had about noxious weeds,” said Frame-Martin. “We found out that there wasn’t a whole lot of knowledge, so that was when the MNWEC was formed.”

The MNWEC, housed in the Department of Land Resources and Environmental Sciences at MSU, is a cooperative effort among state and federal entities and non-governmental organizations that seeks to educate Montanans about noxious weeds, encouraging them to participate in integrated weed management.

Since 1994, the MNWEC has used billboards, pamphlets, educational classes, newspaper articles, and radio and television advertisements to increase knowledge across the state. Recently, it has focused has been on key audiences like recreationists and hunters who spend a lot of time in Montana’s natural areas and may accidentally spread noxious weeds. They also developed educational materials for real estate professionals.

Noxious weeds infest nearly 8 million acres of Montana, said Frame-Martin, and something as simple as walking or driving through a patch of noxious weeds without washing shoes or vehicles afterward can spread the weeds to areas that haven’t yet been exposed. Of particular concern are medusahead and ventenata, invasive grasses that are detrimental to rangelands because they decrease the amount of forage available for livestock and wildlife.

More than 800 Montanans responded to the newest survey. Of those, nearly half reported they drive on dirt roads or across fields, 41% reported that they routinely go hiking or backpacking, 37% work outside or in fields, 24% fish and 17% hunt. All of those are outdoor activities that, without proper awareness, can spread noxious weeds.

About half of respondents, 48%, said that they have “little to no” knowledge of noxious weeds. While it seems like a large proportion, it is an improvement over the 1994 survey, where 67% of respondents indicated they knew little or nothing about noxious weeds.

However, 73% of respondents were able to name at least one species of noxious weed, and at least 80% identified loss of wildlife habitat and biodiversity, increased wildfire and loss of native plants as particularly concerning impacts of noxious weeds, showing awareness of the impacts the weeds can have.

Nearly half of respondents said they do more now to prevent noxious weed spread than they did five years ago, which Frame-Martin said is encouraging. While all the numbers might not yet be where the researchers hoped, she said they are moving in the right direction. When it comes to environmental issues, educating people about the behaviors that contribute to the problem is critical, she said, and Montanans who know about noxious weeds are more likely to do their part to help stop the spread.

“The results that we gained are encouraging,” Frame-Martin said. “The trends in our data show that knowledge has increased.”

One of the less encouraging results from the survey for Frame-Martin was the trend of younger adults and female respondents tending to know less and show less interest in noxious weeds. But, she said, this finding will help the MNWEC adapt its educational efforts to engage those groups.

“Everybody has the capability and capacity to help stop noxious weeds,” Frame-Martin said. “We all love Montana, and we live here because of the great recreational opportunities. We need to protect those for future generations. Making sure that knowledge is out there and that everybody can do their part is essential.”

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Wednesday, Oct. 16th, 2019

Botox: Its History and Benefits

Have you ever wondered about the history of BOTOX, one of the most popular cosmetic treatments in the world? Here’s how a neurotoxin became a medical and cosmetic wonder and its many benefits today.

The History of BOTOX
Long before discovering its modern uses and fame as an anti-aging treatment, BOTOX injections lived a varied life for various medical treatments. While it is still in use for these various medical treatments to this day, these have been somewhat overshadowed by its popularity as in treating wrinkles.

BOTOX, the brand name for Botulinum toxin, first appeared in 1820 when a German medical officer named Justinus Kerner performed some tests and established its ability to interrupt signal transmissions without impairing sensory or mental functions. Fast-forwarding just over 100 years to the 1930s, the botulinum toxin was being investigated for its potential use as a chemical weapon.

Over the decades that followed, research and experimentation with botulinum continued, when in the 1950s researchers discovered the potential to reduce hyperactive muscle activity. Research then continued throughout the 1960s and 1970s to explore the possibility for use for muscle disorders, and even as a treatment for crossed eyes, a technique still used today, according to the American Academy of Ophthalmology.

The first treatment with botulinum toxin to be approved by the FDA came in 1989 when they approved the use of the toxin for treating eyelid spasms and crossed eyes, and it was given the name BOTOX. Further FDA approvals continued throughout the early 2000s when the BOTOX therapy became approved for increasingly more aesthetic treatments, such as for the treatment of various types of wrinkles and fine lines associated with aging. Around this time, treatment for conditions such as hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating) and muscle stiffness became FDA approved also.

To this day scientists and researchers are still finding many new medical applications for BOTOX.

The Benefits of BOTOX
Many great benefits that patients are looking to undergo BOTOX treatment can expect, ranging not only from its speed, effectiveness, and non-invasive nature to its applicability to numerous muscle-related medical treatments.

BOTOX can Treat a Range of Medical Conditions
There are myriad medical conditions for which BOTOX injections can be an incredibly effective treatment. Since BOTOX paralyzes muscle activity and can prevent nerves from sending signals to and from the brain, it has become an effective treatment for muscle-related problems like:

University of Minnesota Health
Hyperhidrosis: Hyperhidrosis is a condition that causes the body, especially the armpits, to produce excessive amounts of sweat. By targeting sweat glands by blocking the nerves with BOTOX injections, the overactive nerves become paralyzed, making them unable to communicate with the sweat glands and preventing excessive sweating, according to the University of Minnesota Health

American Migraine Foundation
Migraines: When treating migraines with BOTOX injections, those suffering can see a significant reduction in the number of days in which they experience migraines and the duration for which they experience them. BOTOX also provided more pain-free days per month. Studies have shown that following two rounds of BOTOX treatment, 50% of patients saw a decrease in the number of days spent with migraines. Following 5 rounds of treatment, that number went up to 70%, according to the American Migraine Foundation.

Urinary incontinence: BOTOX injections can be an especially effective treatment for those with bladder control issues. After making around 20 injections of BOTOX around certain parts of the bladder wall, around 75% of women undergoing the treatment saw a definitive reduction in both the frequency and urgency with which they previously needed to visit the bathroom. While this is not a permanent solution, results can last for as long as 6 to 9 months.

Myofascial pain syndrome: This is a chronic condition causing sufferers to suffer symptoms of muscle pain around the neck and shoulders. Injecting BOTOX into certain trigger points block signals from being sent between muscles and nerves, leading to relief in those targeted areas.

Many other conditions can be treated with BOTOX injections too, ranging widely from TMJ (temporomandibular joint) disorders to crossed eyes and even to depression.

An Effective Treatment for Wrinkles
As our bodies age, wrinkles and deep lines are inevitable. One of the most effective means of dealing with age-related wrinkles is with BOTOX treatment, and in the case of static wrinkles (as opposed to dynamic wrinkles), with the assistance of dermal fillers too. While cosmetic surgery is obviously also an option, BOTOX carries dramatically less cost, recovery, downtime and is non-invasive, according to Richard W. Maloney, BOTOX expert from Naples, FL.

Some of the different types of wrinkles that can be treated with BOTOX include:

Glabellar lines: Wrinkles located between the eyebrows and above the nose
Crows feet: Wrinkles that emerge from the corners of the eyes
Forehead wrinkles
Bunny lines: Wrinkles located on the bridge of the nose
Marionette lines: Vertical lines running from the corners of the mouth down to the chin

A Non-Invasive, Quick, and Effective Approach to Anti-Aging
BOTOX injections are one of the most popular cosmetic treatments because they are non-invasive, meaning that no surgery or incisions are required. The procedure simply consists of somewhere between 5 and 10 injections of BOTOX injected strategically into treatment areas.

Relatively speaking, the entire procedure is a quick one. BOTOX injections take only a few minutes and don’t require any anesthesia. Your entire appointment will last no longer than 30 minutes and can be done during a lunch break.

When compared to other alternative procedures such as cosmetic surgery, BOTOX offers incredibly fast results, with most people seeing results immediately or within a few days. The full effects of BOTOX are noticeable after just one week. Just as impressive are the long-lasting results that last for around 3 to 6 months. At this point, the results of the BOTOX treatment will begin to fade while muscle action gradually resumes, however, for patients undergoing BOTOX treatment for wrinkles and fine lines, most will see those wrinkles and fine lines fading gradually over time due to the muscle shrinkage that occurs over time.

To maintain the best possible results of the BOTOX treatment, repeated injections may be required every 4 or 5 months.

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What Halloween Costume Pieces Should I Avoid After a Nose Job?

Costumes are an important part of the Halloween tradition. However, if you've recently had a nose job, you might need to alter your costume until your nose has fully healed.

According to Dr. Becker, your rhinoplasty can take anywhere from six months to a year to heal completely. If Halloween lands right in the middle of your recovery period, make sure to avoid these potentially dangerous costume pieces.

Has the bridge of your nose ever felt sore after wearing glasses all day? This pressure isn't normally a big deal, but it can actually be quite damaging after a rhinoplasty. Your cartilage is still healing, and excess pressure could permanently deform the bridge of your nose.

Most patients who get a nose job switch to contacts for the duration of the recovery period. If you need your glasses to see, the Mayo Clinic recommends taping the glasses to your forehead or using a special cheek rest. Some patients carry their glasses with them and only put them on when they need to read something.

When it comes to Halloween costumes, it's best to avoid the glasses entirely. Even the light plastic frames that come with many costumes may still put too much pressure on your face. Choose a character who doesn't traditionally wear glasses or sunglasses - you can dress up as the Fonz next year.

Septum Jewelry
Septum piercings can look amazing, but they aren't safe until your rhinoplasty has completely healed. If you already have a piercing, your doctor will probably recommend that you leave the body jewelry behind for the duration of the recovery process.

Some Halloween costumes come with fake septum jewelry that you can clip onto the side of your nose. Even if the item is extremely lightweight, you should still leave it out of your final costume. The extra pressure won't do your nose any favors, and small obstructions will make it even more difficult to breathe.

Septum jewelry should especially be avoided if you've recently had a nasal tip plasty. This type of nose job focuses entirely on the tip of the nose - the same area where nose rings tend to clip on.

Makeup should always be avoided for the first few weeks after your nose job. Although it might be tempting to cover up any bruising or swelling, your makeup brush will do more harm than good.

The process of applying makeup inevitably involves putting pressure on your skin. Even if you use a very light hand, you still might press on the cartilage and push something out of place. Heavy Halloween makeup poses more of a risk than a normal foundation or concealer.

Pressure aside, the main issue with makeup is that it could cause an infection. Your skin is extremely sensitive immediately after a rhinoplasty. Applying makeup or other foreign substances could contaminate the wound and cause permanent skin damage.

NewBeauty recommends waiting three to four weeks to put on makeup after your nose job. If you aren't sure, ask your doctor for clearance.

Face Masks
Nearly every kind of Halloween mask puts some amount of pressure on your nose. For this particular Halloween, the safest solution is to leave your face completely uncovered.

Masquerade-style masks sit on the bridge of your nose, much like a pair of glasses. You might be able to hold them up with cheek rests, but make sure that the weight is completely off your nose.

Faceplate masks usually have a strap that goes around the back of your head. These masks exert flat pressure on the front of your nose. Your cartilage will definitely not be ready for pressure from this unusual angle, so avoid these masks entirely.

Rubber masks that cover your entire head are probably too heavy to wear after your nose job. Any pressure on your nose or around your eyes could disrupt the healing process.

Masks also restrict airflow and may cause strenuous breathing. David Shaye from the Harvard Health Blog notes that breathing is already difficult after a rhinoplasty; there's no need to exacerbate the problem with a mask.

Rubber Prosthetics
Modern Halloween makeup can get surprisingly intricate. Although a pointy witch's nose or a rubber animal snout might make for a hilarious costume, these items are definitely not safe to use after a nose job.

As with masks, glasses, and other costume pieces, the main issue with prosthetic noses is the pressure they place on your bridge. Prosthetic noses are particularly dangerous because they place the weight entirely on your nose; there is almost no way to attach a prosthetic nose that won't put pressure on the site of your recent surgery.

This warning extends to any kind of makeup prosthetic that attaches around your eyes or on your upper cheeks. In addition to the pressure, the makeup used to cover up the prosthetic could cause an infection. Check with your doctor if you're not sure about the safety of your costume idea.

Choosing a Halloween Costume That's Safe to Wear
Halloween is an important social event, and a healing nose doesn't mean that you have to miss out on the fun. There are plenty of Halloween costumes that won't put any pressure on your nose at all.

Try dressing up as a character who isn't defined by their unique facial features. Wigs, hats, and outfits are still completely fair game. This also might be a great year to do something special with your hair.

If your costume demands makeup, remember to avoid the area around your nose and under your eyes. You can still safely use face paint on your cheeks, forehead, and neck.

To make your costume more distinctive, look for fun props that will enhance your look. Stuffed animals, rubber weapons, and even glittery costume jewelry are all fun and safe options.

Since nose jobs only take a year to heal, this should be the only Halloween that you have to worry about your costume choice. Save your masks, makeup, and other costume ideas for next year; they'll look amazing with the new shape of your nose.

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Fluoride: What do I really need to know about it?

We have all heard the dentist tell us of the importance of fluoride. Many wonder what fluoride is exactly and if they are getting enough of it. This article will shed some light on those questions and help you understand its importance.

What Is Fluoride?
Fluoride is a mineral that is found in the material of your bones and your teeth. It can be found in foods, water sources, and also naturally in the environment. The outermost layers of your teeth are called the enamel. The enamel acts as a protective layer and according to the American Dental Association, is the hardest substance in your body.

Each and every day your teeth are bombarded by acids created by sugars and plaque. This negative process is called demineralization. One way to help repair the damage caused is to expose your enamel to minerals (remineralization) such as fluoride, calcium, and phosphate. If remineralization is lacking, your enamel layer weakens and begins to decay.

Where is fluoride found?
As mentioned before, fluoride naturally occurs in your environment including places such as:

• In the soil
• Water
• Plantlife
• Rocks
• Air

It can also be found in some not-so-natural places:

• Toothpaste
• Mouth wash
• In supplemental form
• Cleaning products
• Pesticides

Fluoride is also found in some of the foods you eat.

Am I Getting Enough Fluoride?
A study that took place in 2015 and was published by Cochrane showed the importance of introducing fluoride into public drinking water. In the study, results showed 35 percent fewer cavities and tooth loss due to decay in children whose water was fluoridated.

According to Colgate, if the water you consume has fluoride in it and you brush regularly with toothpaste that contains fluoride, you are getting a sufficient amount daily. You can also add a mouth rinse containing fluoride to your oral hygiene regimen.

Typically, public water supplies contain fluoride but you can contact your water company to find out for sure. If you do not reside in an area where the public water is fluoridated, does not have the recommended amount of 1 part per million, or your water supply comes from well water, your dental provider may prescribe drops or tablets to supplement your intake.

More than likely, at some point during one of your dental visits, your doctor will administer a preventative fluoride treatment by painting a gel or varnish-like substance across your teeth. There are also foam treatments that are placed into a mouth tray and held in your mouth for up to four minutes.

When is fluoride most crucial?
All stages of tooth development must have ample fluoride exposure. From around six months of age to sixteen years of age, your teeth are developing. Children benefit from fluoride because it helps make their primary teeth stronger and more cavity resistant.

Twice a year at their dental appointments, your child will likely receive a fluoride treatment to help give them the necessary exposure. You may also be given drops or tablets if your child does not get enough fluoride through your water source. These supplements will help harden new teeth as well as teeth that have yet to emerge.

It is just as important for teens to get their fluoride too. With permanent teeth replacing baby teeth, maintaining good oral hygiene is necessary to keep teeth strong and protected. As they make their way into adulthood, good dental care habits will become ingrained and the fluoride exposure will continue to combat decay.

Special Cases
While everyone gets an optimal level of fluoride, some people should be especially proactive about their amount of exposure. People who fit into one of the following situations may benefit from additional treatments:

• Dry Mouth- Also called xerostomia, dry mouth is a condition where there is a lack of healthy saliva. This is an issue because saliva helps rinse away food particles and neutralizes acids which leave your teeth more vulnerable to decay. Dry mouth can be caused by certain medications, aging, radiation therapy, or a condition that directly involves the salivary glands.

• Periodontitis- Periodontitis is a disease that affects your gums exposing a larger area of your tooth, sometimes down to the root. Since more area is exposed, there is a greater chance of decay.

• Dental History-If you tend to get a cavity every year or two, additional fluoride treatments may help you maintain stronger teeth and deter decaying.

• Mouth Appliances- People who frequently wear mouth guards, have bridges or crowns, or wear braces are at a higher risk for decay. This is because areas of enamel that come in contact with the appliances are notoriously difficult to efficiently clean.

What to do if you are already experiencing decay?
If you already have progressed into stages of decay, you do have options. Biomimetic dentistry uses a material that imitates the natural biological structure and function of your teeth. It is used to perform reconstruction on teeth that have been damaged. According to Cosmetic Dentist expert, Dr. Marc Lazare, teeth that are weakened, decayed, or broken can be repaired and protected through biomimetic dentistry applications.

Structurally weak teeth can be made durable by using a fibered mesh material that helps spread the force experienced by the tooth during activities such as eating. It is a less invasive way to save as much of your actual tooth while helping prevent cracking and protecting it from bacterial invasion.

Fluoride is an important part of your oral hygiene regimen no matter what phase of your life you happen to be in. Making sure you are getting enough can keep your teeth strong and protected from acid-causing bacteria. If you are experiencing dental issues, reach out to your dental health provider and ask about your options. Biomimetic dentistry can give you a more natural method to get you a beautiful smile that lasts a lifetime.

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2019 Christmas Stroll Poster Contest Accepting Submissions

The Emerson Center for the Arts & Culture and the Downtown Bozeman Association are looking for an artist to create the 2019 Christmas Stroll poster!

Please email a high resolution 
(300 dpi or greater) .tiff or .jpeg image of 2-D art work in 18" X 24" format by 5:00 pm on Monday, November 11, 2019.

These posters are distributed to all downtown businesses. In addition, the poster will be featured on the cover of the "Official" Christmas Stroll special issue of the Bozeman Daily Chronicle the week prior to the Stroll. The issue will also include an article featuring the Christmas Stroll poster artist. 
As a thank you, the winning artist will receive $200 in cash funded by the Emerson Center for Art & Culture and the Downtown Bozeman Association. The artist will also be recognized on these organizations' websites, social media and press releases several times building up to the event.  Finally, the artist will also receive 15 Christmas Stroll buttons to give to family and friends to enjoy the spirit of the Christmas Stroll on Saturday, December 7.
Please note: the chosen artist must be present at the Emerson during the Christmas Stroll to sign posters on December 7 from 1-2 pm.
To submit your piece, please email For questions, please call 587-9797 (ext. 104).

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Tuesday, Oct. 15th, 2019

MSU center receives $10.7 million to continue work to reduce health disparities in Native and rural communities

The National Institutes of Health has awarded a five-year, $10.7 million grant to the Center for American Indian and Rural Health Equity at Montana State University, or CAIRHE, to continue its mission to reduce health disparities in Native and rural communities through community-based participatory research.

Founded in 2014, the center concluded its first five-year Centers of Biomedical Research Excellence grant from the NIH earlier this year. Following a competitive renewal process, CAIRHE received its latest five-year grant effective Sept. 1.

Dr. Alexandra Adams, the center’s director and principal investigator, said CAIRHE has become a major contributor to health equity research in the state in a short time.

“The public health challenges in rural and Native communities across our state are too much for any one entity to address,” she said. “Working with our partner communities, CAIRHE can act as a hub to bring stakeholders together for lasting change and positive health outcomes.”

In its first five years, the center has built a multidisciplinary network of researchers, faculty mentors and students that spans five colleges and half a dozen departments at MSU, Adams said. In addition to funding multiple faculty research projects and smaller pilot projects, CAIRHE mentors its junior faculty investigators to become independently funded researchers who hold the highest level of grant funding from the NIH or other national grant-awarding agencies, she added.

In the past year, CAIRHE founded the Translational Biomarkers Core Lab in MSU’s Health Sciences Building, providing state-of-the-art services to assess a wide range of biomarkers related to public health research, including inflammation, oxidative stress, hormones and nutrition analytes. The center also introduced the Health Education and Research Bus, or HERB, a 25-foot RV customized as a mobile laboratory for health equity research and outreach in Montana’s remote areas.

Both the Translational Biomarkers Core and HERB are available to other MSU researchers as part of the university’s growing research infrastructure, Adams said.

“Both facilities are unique at MSU and are among the many ways that CAIRHE hopes to distinguish itself over the next five years,” she said.

CAIRHE has cultivated a statewide and national network of research partners across the public health spectrum — from communities to health providers and other stakeholders — which it calls the Health Equity Network. One notable outcome of that collaboration is CAIRHE’s recent participation in a special report, “C2H2: Impacts of Montana’s Changing Climate on Human Health,” being produced by more than 40 partners for release in the summer of 2020.

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Monday, Oct. 14th, 2019

BZN is the most well-served ski destination in the country, making a trip to Big Sky easier than ever

Big Sky, Mont. (October 14, 2019) –  With a fresh blanket of snow across Montana, skiers and riders headed to Big Sky Resort via Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport (BZN) will find expanded air service from several cities this winter. BZN has recently announced increased air service that will take effect for the 2019-2020 winter season, through summer 2020.

Additional Air Service for Winter 2019-2020
To better serve skiers and riders eyeing the slopes this season, Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport will offer a 12.9% increase in total seats available. Among the most notable increases are additional flights to Seattle, Chicago, and Detroit. Delta Air Lines will add twice daily service from Seattle (SEA) beginning in January 2020, increasing overall flights offered to Seattle by 84% for a total of seven daily flights between Alaska and Delta Air Lines. American Airlines will add daily flights from Chicago (ORD), increasing the total number of American flights to Chicago by 332%. Delta Air Lines will also increase Detroit (DTW) service this winter by offering flights between December and March this season, a 900% increase in seats year over year.

Additional Air Service for Summer 2020
American Airlines will introduce non-stop seasonal service to three additional destinations for the summer of 2020.  In addition to year-round daily service to Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW) and winter and summer daily service to Chicago (ORD), American will add daily summer service to Los Angeles (LAX), Saturday summer service to New York (LGA) and Montana’s first service to the state of Pennsylvania with Saturday summer service to Philadelphia (PHL). 

With direct flights to 16 cities in the winter, Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport is the most well-served ski destination across the United States. During the winter season, the airport offers 13 daily non-stop flights to Atlanta, Chicago, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit, Houston, Los Angeles, Minneapolis, New York, Portland, Seattle, Salt Lake City, and San Francisco. In the summer season, air service increases and BZN offers direct non-stop flights to 18 destinations.

Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport is located just 50 miles from Big Sky Resort, one of the fastest growing ski destinations in North America and home to 5,850 acres of terrain, 4,350 feet of vertical, and 300 degrees of skiing off Lone Peak.

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